The two most basic pieces of firefighting apparatus are the fire engine and the fire truck. Although many people use the terms interchangeably, the two vehicles are, in fact, very different, and each performs a different function for the fire department. Attacking the fire is the primary purpose of a fire engine.
What types of apparatus do firefighters use?
Engines are the main firefighting apparatus used by fire departments across the nation. The Engine carries its own water, a tremendous amount of equipment, a variety of hoses and nozzles and many other firefighting necessities.
What is a Type 1 fire apparatus?
Type 1 fire trucks are purposefully designed to support urban, rural and suburban departments because they carry all of the required NFPA firefighting equipment. These versatile vehicles are often the first on scene because they support both structural firefighting and initial Emergency Medical Service (EMS) response.
What equipment do firefighters use to put out fires?
Personal Protective Equipment includes fire resistant pants and shirts, a helmet, eye protection, gloves, leather boots, and fire shelter. Firefighters carry personal gear bags that contain water, rations, sleeping bag, and hand tools such as a Pulaski, shovel, or McLeod.
What is the name of the fire apparatus?
A fire engine (also known in some places as a fire truck or fire lorry) is a road vehicle (usually a truck) that functions as a firefighting apparatus. The primary purposes of a fire engine include transporting firefighters and water to an incident as well as carrying equipment for firefighting operations.
What does a fire apparatus engineer do?
Drives and operates a fire apparatus such as pumper, water tank, or rescue trucks in connection with extinguishing wildland, structural, and other fires, and in fire prevention and rescue work; leads a crew; performs paramedic duties; performs maintenance and simple repairs on equipment; makes reports on the operation …
Why are there so many different apparatus colors used by fire Dept?
The increased use of retro-reflective materials holds great promise for enhancing the conspicuity of emergency vehicles. Both visibility and recognition are important facets of emergency vehicle conspicuity. The use of contrasting colors can assist drivers with locating a hazard amid the visual clutter of the roadway.
What is a Type 3 fire incident?
Type 3 Incident
b) Type 3 organizations manage initial attack fires with a significant number of resources, an extended attack fire until containment/control is achieved, or an escaped fire until a Type 1 or 2 team assumes command.
What is a Type 4 fire engine?
Type 4 Fire Engine
Type 4 are used to drive over rough terrain and weighs 26,000 lbs, but it sacrifices a smaller pump and less hose for a larger 750-gallon tank. The Type 4 standard of pumping is 50 US gallons per minute at a pressure of 100 pounds per square inch.
What is a cascade fire truck?
With a Cascade Fire Equipment Slip-On, your pickup or flat-bed vehicle becomes a fast initial-attack firefighting unit. … Cascade’s Slip-On Units are used by forestry departments, city fire departments, and private contractors, and are in use in most states and several foreign countries.
Do firefighters use fire extinguishers?
Firefighters are familiar with using hoses and master stream devices for fire attack. … Although every fire apparatus may not carry each type of extinguisher, there should be an A-B-C extinguisher and/or a water extinguisher on every fire department vehicle, even utility vehicles.
What are the different types of fire extinguishers?
There are four classes of fire extinguishers – A, B, C and D – and each class can put out a different type of fire.
- Class A extinguishers will put out fires in ordinary combustibles such as wood and paper.
- Class B extinguishers are for use on flammable liquids like grease, gasoline and oil.
What is a wagon in the fire service?
Commonly referred to as a hazardous materials apparatus, A-Wagon is a special vehicle that is used to fight brush fires and grass fires.
What kind of horn do fire trucks have?
Twin air horns on fire trucks and other emergency response vehicles are one of the best ways we have to warn people of large, oncoming, fast-moving trucks. They are simple, are inexpensive to purchase, and deliver sound in excess of 125 decibels.
Which fire department apparatus are often used to supplement wildland fire fighting units?
A air and light unit, also known as a breathing support unit, is a specialized piece of firefighting apparatus used by firefighters to provide supplemental lighting and SCBA air bottles at the scene of an emergency.