NFPA 72 requires a pull station within 60 inches of every individual exit, and for groups of doors that are more than 40 feet wide away from each other, there must be a pull station on both sides of the grouping. The placement of fire alarm pull stations is critical to ensuring they provide the protection intended.
How close must a fire alarm manual pull station be located next to an exit door?
Location – Manual fire alarm boxes (pull stations) shall be located not more than five feet from the entrance to each exit.
Where do you put a pull station?
According to NFPA 72, each pull station must be installed between 42 and 48 inches from the floor to ensure easy accessibility for people in wheelchairs. In addition, it needs to be placed in a location that’s from free obstacles. This way any individual may access the pull station in the event of an emergency.
What is the maximum distance that a manual alarm box can be located from an entrance to an exit?
Manual fire alarm boxes shall be located not more than 5 feet (1524 mm) from the entrance to each exit. Additional manual fire alarm boxes shall be located so that travel distance to the nearest box does not exceed 200 feet (60 960 mm).
How many pull stations are required?
The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 101 Life Safety Code requires at least one manual fire pull station in each building. The code states that a building should not entrust life safety to only one safeguard, and directs that additional safeguards be implemented.
How far do you have to pull the handle at the manual pull station?
NFPA 72 refers to fire alarm pull stations as “manual fire alarm boxes.” The code requires that the travel distance to the nearest pull station on a given floor must be no more than 200 feet.
Do fire alarm pull stations have to be red?
The location of your fire alarm pull stations will depend on the design and occupancy of your building. … Additionally, a fire alarm pull station needs to be red and in a location that is completely unobstructed from obstacles. This way, anyone can access the pull station in an emergency.
What is the ADA height for a fire alarm pull station?
If the path to the ADA-compliant fire extinguisher or pull station is unobstructed, the operable part must be placed from 15 inches to 48 inches off of the finished floor or ground. But when the wheelchair user must reach over an obstruction, these heights may change.
How does fire alarm pull station work?
Pull stations send a signal to the control panel, and if the fire alarm is monitored, the control panel then usually sends a message to a company’s monitoring service, which transmits that message to first responders. In some cases, a signal is transmitted directly to a fire department.
When should you pull a fire alarm?
If you smell or see smoke or fire, alert others in the nearby area, activate the fire alarm by pulling a fire alarm pull station and evacuate. WHEN A FIRE ALARM IS ACTIVATED EVACUATION IS MANDATORY!
Where should fire alarm panels be placed?
The equipment should normally be sited in an area of low fire risk and on the ground floor by the entrance used by the Fire and Rescue Service and preferably viewable from outside of the building.
Why is there a key slot located in some fire alarm pull stations?
Fire alarm pull station. … After operation, most fire alarm pull stations must be restored to the ready position using a special tool or key in order for the panel to be reset.
Where are manual fire alarm boxes required?
6, NFPA 72, 2007, “Manual fire alarm boxes shall be located within 5 feet of the exit doorway opening at each exit on each floor.”) And when there’s a group of doors that span a distance of 40 feet or more, the code calls for a manual pull on each side of the grouping.
Who pulls fire alarms?
The only one that gets to the fire department is the fire alarm. The alarm monitoring company calls the building owner first. The company will assume an emergency and contact the fire department if they can’t get in touch with the building owner. The property owner is responsible for the fire department dispatch.
What is the maximum mounting height of a smoke detector?
One cardinal rule of smoke detection is the higher the ceiling, the larger the fire will have to be before detection. Said another way, it is good design and installation practice to never install a spot-type smoke detector on ceilings greater than 15 feet.